However, with the widespread availability of digital cameras today, deciding on the right camera can often be confusing. There are three types of digital cameras available for beginning and amateur photographers: the Compact Point-and-Shoot, Professional Consumer – Prosumer Fixed-Lens and the Digital Single Lens Reflex (DSLR). Camera selection depends upon two factors: the type of photography you want to do and the amount of money you’re willing to spend on camera equipment.
The point-and-shoot camera is the easiest to use. In most situations, it takes a nicely exposed and focused picture. If you only plan to take pictures of your family, this is the camera for you. They are lightweight enough to carry almost anywhere. Just place the camera in your purse, shirt pocket, backpack or tackle box and you’ll be ready to record that special moment. All you need to do is aim and press a button.
The prosumer fixed-lens camera is an advanced digital camera that has automatic as well as manual controls along with a high-quality fixed lenses. Prosumer cameras have both an LCD and a viewfinder. These cameras are typically larger but can still easily fit into your purse or backpack.
The DSLR is the standard camera for most advance and professional photographers. They are much more powerful than a point and shoot or prosumer fixed-lens camera and give you a lot more control over the way your image turns out. One of the differences is you can easily change lenses on your DSLR camera. The quality and variety of these lenses can make a tremendous difference in your photographs. You also have the ability to adjust aperture, which controls depth-of-field (how much of the photograph in front and and behind the subject is in focus) and shutter speed. This is essential for the serious photographer. However, this flexibility and control comes at a price. This simplest point & shoot cameras start around $75, with prosumer cameras starting around $300 . A basic DSLR camera and lens start around $500. Make sure that if you spend the money an DSLR camera, you are actually going to use the features you pay for.
Tips for Taking Better Photographs
- To keep your camera steady, lean against a tree or solid object; sit down and brace your elbows on your legs; place your camera on a beanbag or crumpled up shirt to support your camera.
- Roll you finger over the shutter release button. This is similar to squeezing the trigger of your gun. It increases the accuracy of your shot or in the case of a camera, creates a sharper images.
- Be sure to look and see what objects might be directly behind your subject. You don’t want any “trees” growing out of someone’s head.
- It’s a good idea to not take photographs outdoors around noon on sunny days. The light is too harsh and colors will appear faded in your photographs.